USS Akitsu Maru






    General characteristics

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    Air defense systems:

    6 75 mm

    carrier Akitsu Maru

    Light aircraft carriers

    type "Akitsu Maru" was laid as passenger liners "Akitsu Maru" and "Nigitsu Maru". In summer 1941, the unfinished ships were requisitioned by the army (land) command for conversion into a amphibious ships with a flight deck. Their main purpose - landing in remote areas of the Pacific Ocean and to ensure its air cover. Remaking liners was the flight deck equipment (at the former boat deck), setting a small "island" and transfer the chimney to the starboard side (according to some sources, the tube could be rotated to a horizontal position).

    carrier Akitsu Maru

    Angara itself was not: instead under the flight deck had an open platform to accommodate 20 aircraft and 20 ground landing pontoons type "Daihatsu". Lifting up aircraft carried a stern lift or crane. Flight deck had a size of 123x22, 5 m and was intended only for the launch aircraft (landing is planned for land airfields). Catapult out.

    carrier Akitsu Maru

    Gyroplane Ka-1

    In history, these vessels are not logged First helicopter .

    In 1939 in the United States through nominees Japanese managed to buy one copy of a gyroplane Kellet KD-1A. Demonstrated during began soon after delivery KD-1 flight tests in Japan characteristics met the expectations of the military, but during one of the flights at low speed autogyro crashed and got a very serious injury. Machine beyond repair, so military handed over its fragments small firm "Kayaba Seysakuso QC" who are involved in gyroplanes, and demanded to establish a similar unit.

    carrier Akitsu Maru

    Specialists "Kayaba" designed double reconnaissance gyroplane outwardly similar to the KD-1A, but modified according to Japanese standards and features domestic aviaproizvodstva. Gyroplane, designated Ka-1, was released in Sendai plant and made its first flight May 26, 1941. After completing the tests Ka-1 was adopted by, and soon began to enter the Japanese Army artillery units. Machines of this type were widely used during the fighting, and a total of 240 units were built, and went down in history as one of their first combat vertibird.

    carrier Akitsu Maru

    success Ka-1 in ground operations led to the fact that it was decided to equip their light aircraft carriers of "Akitsu Maru" (as ships overland subordinate commanders and officially in the Navy were not included). Since the payload Ka-1 in a double version was small crew of aircraft carrier The Ka-1 was reduced to one person, which allowed to take on board two 60-kg depth charges. In his new capacity Ka-1 patrolling the territorial waters of Japan. The result was zero. Gyros have not found any submarine, and U.S. submarines did not mark them in their reports during the fighting.

    Akitsu Maru1942/1944

    November 15, 1944 the first helicopter "Akitsu Maru" was sunk by a submarine U.S. Queenfish (SS-393).

    Nigitsu Maru1943/1944

    "Nigitsu Maru" sunk by the U.S. submarine "Hake" 12.1.1944.


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