USS Moscow 1123






    General characteristics

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    Width (m):


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    4 57 mm ZIF-72

    torpedo tubes:

    10 533 mm


    14 Ka-25

    Air defense systems:

    4 Storm


    1 RPK-1 "Whirlwind"
    2 RBU-6000

    carrier moscow 1123

    Soviet sailors have always dreamed of aircraft carriers. In the 30s prevented the implementation of this dream country's political leadership, which did not want to hear about this type of ship. However, the war confirmed the leading role of aviation in addressing major challenges of the sea. Half of those killed large ships had been sunk by planes. Therefore, in 1953 study by light aircraft carriers were resumed, and in 1955 was born conceptual project "263" - an aircraft carrier for 40 aircraft. Soviet shipbuilding in those years has experienced a steep climb, and it seemed that the construction of ships of this class is not far off. But once again interfered with the political leadership of the enormous reduction of the armed forces, including the Navy. Were cut cruiser ready to surrender, and even went into operation "Admiral Kornilov." Question about the air cover for convoys of ships and even the coast (not to mention the power of the air) silenced, no longer build large ships, aircraft carriers and connections were permanently branded as a "tool of aggression and robbery» ...

    carrier moscow 1123

    With the advent of the NATO countries missile-carrying nuclear submarine fleet completely different approach to the problems of domestic Navy: the emphasis was placed on strategic and attack submarines - carriers missiles and surface fleet is focused mainly on anti-submarine direction, at the same permanent residence permit on the decks of ships began to receive helicopters.

    carrier moscow 1123

    In the early 60s as part of a fleet of ocean-going ship started designing ASW far zone with a group basing helicopters. Such ships did not exist in any of the fleets of the world. Team of designers led by A. Savicheva had to develop from scratch the hull shape with a tapered nose, a large aft resembling double wedge solve aspects powerful sonar system, aerodynamic problems, post runway and hangars. And the fact that the helicopter still looks quite modern, merit shipbuilders managed to create a warship with an eye for years to come.

    carrier moscow 1123

    below deck hangar could accommodate a 14 helicopters, which were delivered to the deck with two 10-ton lifts. In the superstructure and hangar had to rescue helicopters stationed there tractors.

    first ship of this project (building No. P-701) was laid down in Nikolayev shipyard in the South (now the Black Sea) in early 1963, after two years and launched in May 1967 under the name "Moscow" was put into operation Black Sea Fleet. The main builder of ships of this type was appointed I. Vinnik, watching - VF Fedin officers and JS Platonov.

    carrier moscow 1123

    year later with a small flag was raised on the same type of "Leningrad" and at the end of 1967, stocks were laid freed third class cruiser "Moscow 1123", which was named "Kiev". During the construction of the third ship turned out that the helicopters certain technical specifications are not sufficient to achieve the objectives in full flight deck area was small. In a violent storm rocked the ship - clearly not enough displacement. In addition, in 1967, another event occurred that affected the completion of the third cruiser project "1123." On air parade in Domodedovo plane was shown VTOL Yak-38M, then the idea to put the aircraft on the ship's deck. Attempts simple extension to create a third aircraft carrier ship failed, "Kiev" was demolished and in its place in 1970 laid a new ship with the same name.

    But before that flight deck of "Moscow" has been strengthened, the ship itself modernized and November 18, 1972 took on the first plane VTOL Yak-38M. So navy was born a new profession - the ship's pilot.

    carrier moscow 1123

    P. S. When the ships series "Moscow 1123" went into operation, they were already unable to resist American submarines as due to the increased number of submarines, and because of their increased fighting qualities, so the program was canceled helicopter construction. These ships, in the Soviet classification - RCC (ASW cruiser), were not sufficiently seaworthy in bad weather.


    carrier moscow 1123

    most serious accident in the history of RCC "Moscow" was a fire that broke out Feb. 2, 1975. At 12.15, when the bulk of the crew had dinner, indoor nasal diesel generator is short-circuited at the switchboard. Personnel in the compartment was not, and the fire quickly spread to the adjacent bunk room number 3. Since the bulkhead on the cruiser, except waterproof, made of aluminum-magnesium alloy, they are instantly goes bust, and the fire is spreading to new premises. Very quickly, the flame got to energootseka number 1, where they worked auxiliary boiler and turbine generator - the ship de-energized.

    situation was aggravated that the autonomous system in the burning fire compartments was faulty, fire main without electricity was not working, and run aft diesel generator due to breakage of the oil system failed. Command of the ship turned to operational duty base for emergency assistance. About an hour after the fire started to board the cruiser began to approach the fire boats, tugs, lifeboats "Kazbek", "Beshtau", SS-21 and others on board the "Moscow" landed 16 rescue groups. As the seat of fire all swelled to avoid the explosion of ammunition had to first flood cellars 57-mm shells, jamming systems, and then the storm cellar SAM. Fire hoses poured through the hatches of the upper deck, so soon a new threat: on the decks above the waterline has accumulated a lot of water, which posed a threat to the ship capsizing. By order of arrival on board the cruiser emergency Vice Admiral VA Samoilov water from the decks began immediately bypass the hold and continue putting out the fire with foam only.

    Locate the fire was only to 17.10, and the fire was completely extinguished at 19.15, 7 hours after the fire. Three members of the crew of the "Moscow" - Ensign DN Weaver, sailors and Lukashev Titov - died from carbon monoxide. Another 26 people were poisoning (including 11 - heavy), but remained alive.


    01-31.05.1970 y, y 01.12.1971 - 30.06.1972 and 15.06 g - 06.12.1974 of being in a war zone, perform combat missions to assist the armed forces of Egypt, and 04.08 - 14.10.1974, he was the flagship of the squadron demining Gulf of Suez.

    19-23.11.1974 was paid a visit to Dakar (Senegal), 14-19.10.1976 - in Split (Yugoslavia), 27.09 - 01.10.1981 - in El Jazaïry (Algeria), and 26 -30.03.1984 - in Havana (Cuba).


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