Winged antiship missile P-15 (4K40)



    surface ships

    management system:


    GOS GOS Radar


    spetsboepripasov, high-explosive






    80 km.

    year development:


    antiship missile cruise p-15 (4k40) anti-ship missiles P-15 was developed in the years 1955-1960 in KB" Rainbow "under the direction of J. Bereznyak.

    as mother ship missiles P-15 was initially adopted torpedo boat project 183, where instead of the aft torpedo and artillery systems 2M-ZM (nasal preserved), two launchers mounted hangar-type P-15 missiles. Specifically for testing missiles P-15 factory number 5 ("Diamond") was built two experimental boat project 183E. First launch of the P-15 with the boat project 183E held October 16, 1957 in the Black Sea.


    missile system S-15 was adopted in 1960, but at the end of 1958 the construction of missile boats 183R project unfolded in two factories and lasted nearly nine years. Total at the end of 1965 the project was built 183R 112 boats. Of these six boats passed Algeria, Egypt - 6, Indonesia - 9, Cuba - 18, North Korea - 10, China - 20 (then they're built under license), Syria - 6, etc.


    boats etc. 183R missiles family P-15 were armed boat project 205M "Wasp" Project 1241.1, six large antisubmarine ships 61M project (four launchers), five large antisubmarine ships project 61-ME (four launchers ) constructed for India and three destroyers project 56-U (four launchers).

    Over the years, the service complex P-15 repeatedly modernized. In 1972 he was adopted by the complex "Termite" with P-15M missile, based at the P-15. Modification of P-15M missile used in mobile coastal defense complex "Frontier".


    antiship missile cruise p-15 (4k40) Launch P-15 (see diagram, photo 1, photo 2) had normal aerodynamic design and mid trapezoidal wing relatively low aspect ratio and a large sweep at the leading edge , verhneraspolozhennym developed keel and all-moving elevators. Roll-control carried aileron wing. In the rear of the housing bottom were two additional V-shaped aerodynamic ridge, between which the rocket suspended powder accelerator SPRD-30 design Kartukova II. Link starter motor that 28-30

    P-15 was equipped with a liquid rocket sustainer engine, which was created under the direction of M. Isayev. The engine was run on fuel TG-02 and AK-oxidant 20K and had two modes of operation: overclocking mode and "cruise".

    Launch P-15 had an autonomous guidance system, which included autopilot AM-15A, barometric altimeter and radar seeker. Later barometric altimeter was replaced by a radio altimeter, which allowed to fly lower, more precisely sighting rate adjustment. P-15 missile was equipped with high-explosive shaped-charge warhead-4G15 developed at SRI-6 GKOT.

    Boat Project 183R "Mosquito" (see diagram) had nenavodyaschuyusya launcher hangar type, (fender flares did not develop). Starters guide beam type were rigidly fixed angle 11,5 °. The length of the guide originally was 4.5 m, and then was shortened to 2.75 m Weight 1100 kg launcher. Boat of the project could produce 183R missile launches at a rate of stroke from 15 to 30 knots and sea state up to 4 points. Reloading launchers made in the database, with one rocket was spent about 30 minutes.

    The boat

    183R housed CCP "Maple", which receives data from the radar "Mast". Function of the CCP was to develop a course of combat boats and keeping it on course to develop an autonomous flight time rocket parameters and pitching kachek board to stabilize the rocket, etc. reserve funds targeting served optical viewfinder PMC-453.

    In 1961, SKB-5 was drafted boats 205U, in which bulky hangars missiles were replaced by more compact cylindrical containers CT-97m. Such containers are allowed to not only the gain in size in comparison with sheds (lengthwise than 1 m and the width 0.8 m), but also provide a microclimate rocket (due to leakage), and if necessary, could be easily replaced. Introduction of the drums became possible after upgrading missiles P-15 P-15U, in which the wing was automatically disclosed in escaping from the container, like a rocket M-5. Test P-15U missiles were launched in 1961, and adopted it was adopted in 1965. P-15U missile received index 4K-40U.

    antiship missile cruise p-15 (4k40)

    Even before the P-15 missiles into service was started to develop for them thermal homing. On August 29, 1959 to October 28, 1959 on boats 183E project conducted missile tests P-15TG with thermal passive homing "Condor" - the first in the USSR thermal head round the clock action. In search mode, the lens receiver head "Condor" was moving at the rate in the sector + 2,5 °. During the tests it was found that the range of the head "Condor" on target with thermal conditions corresponding to the cruiser, at a speed of 24 knots in the afternoon is 10km and 5km night. Total was launched 10 missiles P-15TG. In general, the tests were successful, although one did not separate start and rocket boosters did not reach the goal. According to tests missile P-15TG head "Condor" was recommended to the adoption.

    During these same firings tested and shortened rail launcher. The first launch was with the guide length 4.5m, and the subsequent - to guide length 2.75m. Tests have shown the possibility of shooting a short guide.

    Launch P-15M "Termite" is an improved modification of P-15U missiles with extended range. The missile has an inertial control system running on a midcourse flight and two variants of the active seeker: active radar (ARL GOS) and infrared (IR GOS) of "Bullfinch-M." GSN works on final flight of a rocket - homing site. The missile can be equipped with a high-explosive warhead weighing 513kg (375kg explosive weight) or nuclear capacity of 15 kt. Height cruising missiles (25 - 50 -250 m) is given before starting. For advertising data when approaching the target missile is reduced to a height of 2.5 m above the waves.

    In the modified boat

    205M project housed four launchers CT-97B, the boat project 1241.1 two launchers KT-138. The structure of these boats were Kafu radar detection and tseleukahaniya "mast", support equipment according to shooting KVNP "Vanguard", fire control devices "Maple-205UM" AIC "DK-131A" with appliances chain start identification system "Password". Ground equipment included: transportation and loading facilities, technological equipment, CPA missiles "DC-150".

    For boats

    project 205M and 1241.1 combat use at sea was provided to 5 points, an air temperature of -20 to +40 ° C, true wind speed in any direction up to 15m / s, rolling of ± 20 °, ± 15 pitching °, continuous roll boats up to 6 °, speed boats and target shooting up to 50 knots. Minimum distance of the boat from the obstacle (island ridge cape, etc.) must not be less than 6 km and the obstacle itself should not be in an area where already included homing missiles, height not exceeding 10m hurdles at the height of the rocket 25m and not more than 30 m at an altitude of 50m.



    P-15M "Termite"

    Number of simultaneously engaged targets




    missiles in a salvo



    interval between starts



    firing range, km:
    - Maximum
    - Minimal



    March speed, m / s



    Cruising altitude, m



    length rocket engine with a starter, m



    Wingspan, m



    Diameter, m



    Starting weight

    missiles kg



    booster Weight, kg



    Weight of warhead, kg



    Time prelaunch, with



    target detection range type destroyer km


    40 (over-the-horizon mode - 100)

    tests and operation

    antiship missile cruise p-15 (4k40) October 21, 1967 Israeli destroyer" Eilat "displacement of 1710 tons was struck by missiles P-15 fired from Egyptian missile boats such as" Mosquito ", who were docked in Port Said. Of 202 crew members "Eilat" 47 were killed and 91 wounded. It was the first combat use of anti-ship missiles, although the version of the parties differed.

    According to the Israeli military, "Eilat" was at a distance of 22 km from Port Said, 3 km from the Egyptian territorial waters, when he was hit by two missiles P-15 "Termite". After the hit, "Eilat" turned upside keel, but not sunk. Two hours later, the Egyptians saw that the ship still afloat, fired two more missiles, one of which has taken the ship to the bottom, and the second exploded on the surface of the water injuring and killing many crew members.

    According to the Egyptian side, "Eilat" was at a distance of 16 km from Port Said, Egypt within territorial waters. Was released only two missiles, which proved enough to sink the Israeli ship immediately.

    C 1974 China began licensed production of T-15M. These missiles were designated HY-1 (NATO designation - "Silkworm") and thereafter repeatedly modernized and sold to different countries.

    family Rockets T-15 Soviet and Chinese origin were used during the Arab-Israeli war of 1971, Indo-Pakistani conflict of 1971 and the Iran-arakskoy war in 1988 he 1980.

    October 15, 1987 during the "tanker" Gulf War, Iranian missile "Silkworm", launched with the Al Faw peninsula, hit the Liberian tanker "Songhua River" at anchor off the coast of Kuwait.

    During "Operation Desert Storm" two Iraqi missiles like the P-15 were used against American likora "Missouri", which fired at the Iraqi coast. One of these missiles was sidetracked by means of jamming and the other hit by anti-aircraft missile "Sea Dart" English frigate "Glouster". This is the first intercept anti-ship missile in combat.

    Own production

    similar missiles (FL-10) with the assistance of the PRC in 1996, Iran began.


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