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Winged antiship missile P-35 (P-6)

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    Basing

    :

    surface ships, submarines

    management system:

    Office for radio

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov

    Application:

    anti

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    400 km.

    year development:

    1964

    antiship missile cruise p-35 (n-6) August 17, 1956 issued a decree CCCH № 1149-592 start developing anti-ship cruise missiles P-6 and P-35 . Both rocket designed by OKB-52 and did not differ from each other. P-6 was designed for submarines, and P-35 - for surface ships.

    launchers for P-35 SM-70, SM-82 and MEA-142-34 CDB designed in conjunction with CRI-173 (drives guidance), and manufactured at the plant "Bolshevik". Task to develop the standard launcher for SM-70 cruisers of project 58 was issued CDB-34 in December 1956. Chetyrehkonteynernaya launcher SM-82 was intended for ground testing of the complex, and Single container launcher MEA-142 - for testing on an experimental vessel OC-15 (converted freighter in 1959 "iLet»).

    First launch of the P-35 was held October 21, 1959. In parallel with the tests P-35 project was completion of 58 cruisers. The first ship of Project 58 "Grozny" was laid on February 23, 1960 and launched March 26, 1961, the same year it was first mounted two quadruple launchers suggestive CM-70. Just plant them. Zhdanov Leningrad four cruisers were built 58 project ("Terrible", "Admiral Fokin," "Admiral Golovko" and "Varyag"). In 1964-1968 the the same factory were laid four large anti-submarine ship project 1134 ("Admiral Zozulja", "Beijing", "Vice-Admiral Drozd" and "Sevastopol"). Ships project 1134 armed missiles P-35 mounted in two twin launchers KT-35. Rotating mechanism launchers had no guidance and installations produced by turning the ship's hull. The project provided for the deployment of four spare missiles in the cellars on the upper deck. However, during the construction of ships from overcharging missiles refused.

    tests missiles P-6 began on 23 December 1959. CM Resolution of 23 June 1964 set of P-6 was adopted for diesel submarines of Project 651 and Project 675 and atomic. The main armament of the boat - eight cruise missiles P-6 (4K88) - placed in containers, rising to the start position at an angle of 14 °. Shooting was possible only on the surface.

    On the basis of the P-35 missiles in 1966 was created onshore "Redoubt".

    Composition

    antiship missile cruise p-35 (n-6) Structurally P-6/P-35 missiles (see diagram) is a further development of anti-ship missile P-5. Rockets have the same aerodynamic scheme, boosters and launch canisters. Management system "Antey" was prepared NII-49 Ministry of Shipbuilding Industry.

    missiles equipped with high explosive, shaped-charge warhead 4G-48 (weight 800-1000g), developed at SRI-6, or a special warhead.

    Flight missiles held in "high altitude, low altitude." Large altitude required to provide direct contact between the radar and missile carrier until the target detection radar homing missiles. Further, the radar image was broadcast on the media where the officer-producing operator selection purposes (ie, selects the most important, for example, carrier-based aircraft carrier in the order). Then submitted team to capture the selected target radar missiles Vizier. At this remote control mode ends and the missile was reduced by low altitude without losing radar contact with the captured target and performing homing her on the course. The terminal phase of the missile dived on the target, the warhead is not separated.

    Along with this

    P-6/P-35 missiles could shoot and offline without involving remote control lines and channels broadcast images of targets. In this case, all was possible volley launchers ship.

    Launch P-35 (4K44) has several modes at altitudes from 400m to nearly 7.5km. Depending on the height and changing airspeed range (approximately 100 to 300 km). Interestingly, the P-35 could be used for firing at ground targets, which only had to translate on-board control system "Block" mode "M" (sea) to the "B" (Coast). In this case, the missile cruiser team dived on the target at an angle of 80 °.

    antiship missile cruise p-35 (n-6) The angle of the horizontal guidance systems CM-70 cruisers of project 58 (see photo) was 120 °, launch angle of 25 °. Ammunition from each unit consisted of eight missiles P-35, of which 4 were directly in containers launcher, and another 4 - in the cellar, near the unit. Typically, one of the four missiles P-35 had a special combat unit in 20 kt.

    Beating surface ships at distances many times greater than the range of direct radar visibility, required the creation of reconnaissance and target for anti-ship missiles. Aircraft reconnaissance system "success" was created by the Kiev Research Institute of Radio Electronics (now NPO "Quantum") under the leadership of IV Kudryavtsev. It consisted of airborne radar system detection of surface targets and radar equipment broadcast information placed on the Tu-16RTS, Tu-95RTs (later for the Ka-25RTS) and on ships. Placed on airplanes aviation radar detection system targets at sea and signaling on ships, where data processing was carried out and issued targeting missile system. In reconnaissance and targeting system, entered service in 1965, was first carried out with transmission reconnaissance aircraft carrier on the ship anti-missile radar image area inspection in real time. Thus, in the Soviet Union for the first time in the world was created reconnaissance percussion system (RUS), including reconnaissance, strike weapons and their carriers (both marine and air). Large range Tu-95RTs allowed to explore for ships at sea and perform tasks targeting at ranges up to 7,000 km.

    antiship missile cruise p-35 (n-6)

    Using reconnaissance strike complex was carried out as follows: submarine, located in a given area, after receiving orders to combat the use of missiles, podvsplyvala to periscope depth and establishes a connection with the aircraft reconnaissance and targeting, which aired on board the submarine radar information to surface. This information is displayed on the operator panel complex targeting boats. Commander analyzed the situation and appointed a task goal for which it was necessary to determine the coordinates (bearing and range). Then, these data were entered into the ship's missile complex control system, was an assessment of arms reach and the expected probability of target detection radar sighting missiles. On the basis of this information makes the final decision on the shooting. Boat lay on the combat course, performing prelaunch preparation, then floated on the surface and produced missile salvo (RCC salvo number - no more than four).

    flight control each rocket salvo firing was carried out with respect to the plane of a single operator for bearing marks on the radar display. In case of rejection of the mark given direction operator returns RCC plane shooting. Upon reaching the estimated range missile (produced ship management system) command Operators include viewfinders radar missiles and radio transmitters to broadcast information received Vizier. After the capture of target radar sighting RCC it by the operator, the translation mode seeker (originally missile homing only in the horizontal plane, then carried her shallow dive and a few kilometers to the target input and homing mode in the vertical plane).

    On

    PL 675 th in the world for the first time the project was implemented the ability to fire a missile salvo with the electoral defeat of the enemy ships that are in compounds. Icebreaker could perform chetyrehraketny volley for 15 minutes, two volleys - 20 - 30 minutes including the time spent on the ascent, preparing for launch, launch and flight of missiles to the target. Allows simultaneous firing 12 goals missiles P-6 from different carriers, allowing to overcome the densest air defense aircraft carrier compounds 60s.

    Project 675 boats were among the most actively modernize Soviet Navy ships. This was largely due to the rapid improvement of their main enemy - the U.S. Navy aircraft carriers. P-6 missiles were modernized version of P-6M (4K48). Since 1959, NII-49 and under the supervision of AP Tsvetkov were working on creation station "Lightning", which provides independent-horizon target designation by utilizing the phenomenon of tropospheric scatter microwave radio waves. In December 1969, the station was "Lightning" was adopted by the Navy for installation on submarines of Project 675, as well as diesel boats Project 651.

    major shortcoming of the P-6 was launched surface. At the same time, finding the complex submarine S-6 compared with boats having on board the P-5 increased, since management is now required from the spacecraft and rocket flight until its capture target GOS. Despite this obvious disadvantage, the complex P-6 gave the Soviet Navy tangible benefits in the fight against large enemy surface ships.

    PERFORMANCE

    Maximum range, km

    Prior

    400

    marching airspeed, M

    1.5

    Cruising altitude missiles, m

    400/4000/7000

    Flight height in the terminal phase, m

    100

    Dimensions, m:

    - length

    10

    - wingspan

    2,6

    - Width with folded wings

    1,544

    - max. diameter of the body

    1,0

    - height

    1,5

    Weight empty rocket kg

    2330

    launch mass, kg.

    4500

    Warhead

    -explosive or nuclear

    Warhead weight, kg

    800 - 1000

    Power nuclear warhead, kT

    350

    Controls

    aerodynamic handlebars

    Sustainer engine

    THD 4D48

    Fuel

    Kerosene

    Start engine

    Two SRBs

    Thrust, kgf

    2 x 30 000

    Hours starting the engine with

    2

    tests and operation

    tests missiles P-6. The first phase of flight tests conducted on site at Balaclava 4A from 23 December 1959 to July 1960. Total produced 5 rockets without electronic equipment. In general, the tests were successful. The second phase of flight tests P-6 took place from July to December 1960 in the North range near the village Nyonoksa 30 km west of Severodvinsk on the Dvina Bay. Launches were made from fixed shore and then swinging from the container. Just made 6 starts, the results are poor due to failures of the control system "Antey". Revised Management System to December 6, 1961 was carried out 7 more rockets P-6.

    first stage of the joint flight tests took place from May to December 1962 in Nyonoksa with rocking stand. Of the thirteen launches seven starts have been completely successful. In 1962, from 22 to 25 July in the Northern Fleet in the area of Severodvinsk held event "Killer Whale", during which the country's top leadership demonstrated launches ship missiles P-5D, P-35 and P-6. The second stage of the joint flight tests P-6 was held from July to October 1963 on a submarine project 675U. Just made five starts, including two cases marked direct hits on the target, which sank. The third stage of the joint flight tests conducted between October and December 1963. Produced three successful launches from the submarine project 651 and nine starts with the submarine of project 675, seven of which are registered direct hits.

    antiship missile cruise p-35 (n-6)

    Tests P-35 missiles. Tests on a prototype vessel OS-15 was carried out in the Caspian Sea on the range near the Krasnovodsk. The first launch took place on July 27, 1960. The first series of seven starts gave unsatisfactory results and demanded revision control system Apli-1.

    Subsequent flight tests from the 4th quarter of 1962 were more successful. Number of starts was conducted on targets: unfinished leader destroyers "Kiev" Project 48 and the tanker "Nizami". One rocket, and with an inert warhead (without explosives), was enough to sink a displacement of 2500 tons leader rocket hit in the left cheekbone, uncovered deck like a tin can on a length of about 50 m, then the rocket was destroyed, and its engine broke bottom, and 3 minutes later sank leader.





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