Winged antiship missile P-500 Basalt (4K80)



    surface ships

    management system:

    Radar GOS


    Shock kinetic






    550 km.

    year development:


    winged antiship missile p-500 basalt (4k80) Development cruise anti-ship missile P-500" Basalt "was launched by the OKB-52 CM Resolution № 250-89 of February 28, 1963. "Basalt" designed to combat the most powerful naval group, including the aircraft carrier. They are provided to equip both submarines and surface ships. Launch "Basalt" intended to replace P-6 missiles and had approximately the same overall weight and dimensions characteristics.

    Draft Project P-500 was completed in December 1963.

    first stage flight test took place from October 1969 to October 1970 in Nyonoksa. The rocket was launched without a radio from the ground stand SM-49.

    In 1975 Rocket "Basalt" was adopted into service nuclear submarines Project 675 that were previously armed complex P-6. And in 1977 "Basalt" was adopted into service aircraft carriers such as "Kiev" Project 1143. The first three ships of this project had four twin launchers SM-240 installation with eight P-500 missiles in containers and eight spare in the cellar, and the fourth, etc. 1143.4 cruiser "Admiral Gorshkov" has been modernized and had six paired launchers SM-241 with twelve missiles P-500 containers.


    ships in the Navy was done in the following terms: "Kiev" - in December 1975, "Minsk" - in September 1978, "Novorossiysk" - in August 1982, "Admiral Gorshkov" - December 1987. Launchers were developed in KB Special Machinery (Leningrad) under the leadership of V. Chernetskii.


    cruisers like "Glory" Project 1164 (developer - PKB North, chief designer AK Perkov, 1979 - VM Mutihin) entered into operation in 1982, P-500 missiles were located in sixteen nenavodyaschihsya containers without reloading.

    the west missile was designated SS-N-12 "Sandbox" .


    winged antiship missile p-500 basalt (4k80)" Basalt "was the last rocket is placed on submarines and runs on the surface. As P-6 missile "Basalt" flight profile had "great height - low height", but unlike the P-6 length of the final segment ("low height") was increased and the altitude at this site reduced .

    According to aerodynamic and structural and assembly scheme P-500 was similar to the P-6, but with a higher flight speed, increased range and more powerful high explosive, shaped-charge warhead, designed to GSKB-47. Could be applied nuclear warhead. Rocket "Basalt" was the first sea-based cruise missile with a high supersonic (up to 2M) flight speed. This is largely affected by the structure. Ventral sector was designed hood with dvuhskachkovym central body. The design of the rocket used titanium alloys, having the requisite strength characteristics at elevated temperature. Research design, while the impact force factors and loading temperature heating was given the highest priority.

    Especially for P-500 was created marching turbojet engine thrust and increased efficiency of the KR-17-300, developed in OKB-300 GKAT (see ->

    Range, km




    Missile length


    The maximum diameter of the missile body, m


    Wingspan, m


    Starting weight, kg


    Weight of warhead, kg

    500 (some say 1000)


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