Winged antiship missile P-700 Granit (3M-45)



    surface ships, submarines

    management system:

    Radar GOS








    600 km.

    year development:


    winged antiship missile p-700 Granite (3m-45) Universal missile" Granit "from long cruise missiles S-700 surface-launch underwater designed to engage NATO aircraft carrier groups.

    Parent organization - NGO engineering. Chief Designer - Vladimir Chelomei (since 1984 - Herbert Yefremov). Development was started in 1969. On state tests complex was instituted in 1979, tests were conducted on the shore stands head and ships: submarines and cruiser "Kirov". Tests were successfully completed in August 1983, and the Resolution of the USSR Council of 12 March 1983 set "Granit" adopted by the Navy.

    In the process of creating complex "Granite" for the first time all the major allied cooperation worked branched set (to one or two dozen) variants of design solutions for cruise missile, the onboard control system on a submarine. Then these options were evaluated on combat effectiveness, cost and time of creation, feasibility, and based on the analysis were formulated requirements for cruise missiles and other elements of the weapon system. The result is a set of first acquired the opportunity to solve any problem of the sea battle garb fire means one carrier.

    Since the inception of the first RCC surface ships capable of striking at very large distances, the question arose provide anti-ship missiles targeting data. Globally, this problem could only be solved with the help of satellites. Theoretical basics of building a space system, the parameters of their orbits relative position of satellites in orbits developed directly with Academician Keldysh. The system consisted of several satellites and radar, electronic intelligence, from which data on detected targets could be directly transferred to the carrier CR or ground stations.

    the west missile was designated SS-N-19 "Shipwreck" .


    winged antiship missile p-700 Granite (3m-45) Onboard autonomous selective control system is based on the RCC trehprotsessornoy powerful computer using multiple information channels that can successfully understand the complex interference environment and to provide real targets against any interference. The creation of this system carried out a team of scientists and engineers CRI "Granite" under the leadership of its Director General of the Hero of Socialist Labor, Lenin Prize winner Vladimir Pavlov.

    missile 3M-45 (P-700) has several flexible adaptive trajectories depending on the operational and tactical situation in the maritime and airspace area of operation. Maximum speed corresponds to M = 2.5 at high altitude and M = 1.5 - on the small. The complex provides all the salvo firing ammunition with rational spatial arrangement of missiles and allows the ship to operate against a single principle "one launch one ship" or "flock" against the order ships.

    winged antiship missile p-700 Granite (3m-45)

    mode runaway fire one missile that serves as a "gunner" flies on a high trajectory to maximize the capture area of the goal, while the other missiles fly at a low trajectory. In flight, the missile exchange information on purpose. If the rocket - "gunner" intercepted, then one of the other missiles will automatically take over its functions. Missiles themselves partitioned and classified according to the importance of the goal, choose tactics of attack and plan for its performance. To exclude mistakes when choosing maneuver and defeat the intended target in the onboard computer (OBC) laid on modern electronic data classes of ships. In addition to the onboard computer is and tactical information, for example, the type of ship orders, allowing the missile to determine who in front of her - a convoy, aircraft carrier or amphibious group and attack the main objectives in its composition. In the digital computer based on data to counter enemy electronic warfare, jamming able to withdraw missiles from the target evasion tactics fire air defense. After missile launch themselves to decide which of them will attack what purpose and what maneuvers it needs to be carried out in accordance with laid down in the program behavior by mathematical algorithms. The missile has a means of countering and attacking its interceptor missiles. Destroying the main goal in the ship's band, the remaining rocket attack other ships orders, eliminating the possibility of defeat two missiles on the same target.

    winged antiship missile p-700 Granite (3m-45)

    The missile has a marching

    turbojet KR-93 (developed in KB Ufa Engine software under the leadership of Sergei Gavrilov) and solid ring accelerator in the tail section, clocking under water. Version of the missile with an experienced supersonic ramjet engine 4D 04 , developed in OKB-670 under the leadership of Michael Bondaryuk, let rocket speeds of up to 4M.

    The experience of combat and operational training for the Navy to shoot down such a missile almost impossible. Even if you hit the "Granit" antimissile missile because of its huge mass and velocity can save the initial velocity of the flight and as a result of reaching the goal.

    winged antiship missile p-700 Granite (3m-45)

    missile complex "Granite" armed with 12 nuclear submarines (APC) Project 949A type "Antey", 24 on each RCC, with submerged speed of over 30 knots. Launcher CM-225A posted on the AIC project, designed to provide storage and launching cruise missiles or ZM45 ZM15 as if underwater, and when surfaced. Launcher CM-225A is placed in a container submarines established at a constant angle. Inside the container on the device longitudinal confinement installed glass guides and raskreplen through transverse shock absorbers on the walls of the container submarines. Transverse shock absorbers are placed in a sealed dry volume defined by the wall of the container, glass and two rubber-shells (CSC).

    Each submarine costs ten times less than the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier type "Nimitz". This is our asymmetric and economical response to threat aircraft carrier. Other forces in the Russian Armed Forces, can really resist this threat, now in fact. Given the ongoing modernization of the carriers themselves, missile system and SIC "Granite" created group is able to effectively operate until 2020 Naturally, both need to develop and maintain combat readiness and combat control system forces, reconnaissance and targeting.


    combat combat units AUG groups are able to act not only against ships of all classes of compounds in armed conflicts of any intensity, but also effectively engage missiles with conventional warheads on the coast of the enemy goal. If necessary, the ships with a set of "Granit" may appear reserve solving naval strategic nuclear forces.

    on four heavy nuclear missile cruiser Project 1144 (such as "Peter the Great") taken on 20 missiles in individual deck launchers SM-233 (developer - CB special mechanical engineering), with an elevation angle of 60 °.

    Technical solutions in the development of PU CM-233 were designed to perform the following basic requirements:

    unification and borrowing mechanisms and assembly units PU CM-233 CM-launcher complex RO 225 "Granit" submarine Project 949;

    increasing the reliability of the rocket launch by reducing the number of operations in the combat cycle.

    The ship

    PU placed in the room below deck at an angle to the horizon in four rows of five units along the center plane of the ship. Dimensions decked openings defined conditions of safe exit missiles at startup and boot. PU shipped from the factory (LMP) to the ship fully assembled, passed all the tests and inspections in volume production test programs and TU, which significantly reduces the time for installation, debugging and testing of the ship. Closing decked openings provided with protective caps with inherent protection from shell fragments hydraulic actuators. Opening (closing) covers performed by a predetermined function sequence as the missile launch. On the upper deck and on the covers provided seating for deck installation boot device.

    Based Solutions Minsudproma, Minobschemasha and Navy from 02.05.82, № 1/0018 in 1982, work began on the establishment of PU CM-233A Rho "Granite" for the ship project 1143.5 ("Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov, "chief designer Anikiev VF).

    In developing

    PU CM-233A were adopted technical solutions aimed at improving the performance characteristics and technical-economic indicators Position CM-233:

    increase combat readiness and reliability by reducing the number of mechanisms and devices used during the prelaunch and launch rockets;

    labor cost reduction and cost by reducing metal consumption and simplify the design of labor-intensive units and mechanisms;

    reduce the amount and timing of maintenance and simplifying its modalities;

    increase the maintainability of the launcher by simplifying the design of mechanisms;

    reduce the number of interconnections PU with the ship's systems.

    The ship

    project 1143.5 taken 12 launchers SM-233A. PU or rather placed under the deck with a constant angle of elevation. Inside the case PU hinge supports longitudinal confinement devices equipped with fiberglass rails and glass through a transverse raskreplen depreciation on housing wall installation. PU top cover is closed and sealed with a protective device set and deception.


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